Underground Stations in London are a kind of orientation points in the field. In the advertisements – whether for work or home – the station name is always mentioned. In a conversation about work, home, monuments, or arranging to meet someone, you can be sure that the orientation will be referred to the Tube name.
For anyone who comes to London, no matter for what purpose, subway becomes his “right hand”. It is therefore important to familiarize yourself a little bit of the London Underground before you go to London. For me, the whole Tube was bit scary, but after a while, I finally know how to get from one point to other.
Although there is hundreads of people in a Tube, you should at least try to show good manners. There are some certain rules:
• On the escalator: stand on the right, go left.
• First, let people get off before you get in.
• Do not block the closing doors.
• Do not stand in the doorway, move on.
• Watch out for others when you ride with your luggage.
• Make your way to old ladies. (And gentelmen!)
• No trashing.
• Do not listen to loud music.
• Do not eat anything with an intense odor.
London Underground is made up of 12 separate subway lines.
Each line is labeled to distinguish different color. Of course, besides the difference of colors, each line of the Underground got its name. For example, a line called the Central is marked in red. However, Victoria line is marked in blue.
• Subway Trains run daily, except on the first day of Christmas, from about 5.30 to about midnight.
• Subway maps are schematic
• The whole network is divided into zones – the center of the main attractions of the zone 1, and as the distance: 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6. The prices on the zone – the most expensive would be in zone 1. Tickets can be purchased over the counter train stations, vending machines, and should keep them in good condition to control the destination station.
• The impact on the price also has a number of areas, ie if you buy a single ticket for 1, 2 and 3, the zone is less than the pay for a ticket for zones 1 to 6
• To find out, from which and to which that day at a particular station’ll catch in a particular metro line, it is best to ask an employee Tube
• There are lines or sections of routes on which trains run irregularly
• On Sundays, trains run less frequently
• Much of the eastern and south-east London, is connected with underground DLR (Docklands Light Railway)
• After the greater London area are moving, the more we spend on the ticket.
Remember, the London underground will not accept payment in any other currency, only in pounds. The euro is not yet the official currency in the UK. Only stations such as Waterloo and Heathrow airports are planning to introduce machines which might pick up the euro due to the fact that these stations to travel to the country.
History of the London Underground in a minute
* London Underground is the oldest subway in the world.
* The first line started in 1863, so it is about 140 years.
* Daily use of the London Underground almost 3 million people.
* The most busy station is Victoria, where the scrolls more than 76 million passengers a year.
* London Underground is made up of 12 lines, 275 stations, and has a 408 km long.
* World-famous London Underground logo was designed by a man named Mr. Edward Johnston in 1913.
* A man called Mr. Harry Beck in 1933, made a subway map, which we all use today.
* The latest line is the Jubilee, the first episode dedicated in 1979, completed in 1999.
After a period of daily use of the subway, you begin to recognize the drawbacks and inconveniences, but please read before complaining.
• Why is “Mind the Gap!” that is why the platforms do not fit into wagons?
You say, “What!? Is how they built the car that do not fit?” For many years, metro lines were private, and almost every line belonged to another company, so every station was build to suit their needs.
• Why you can still see some escalators in the repair?
Almost every day somewhere you find a dead escalators. Do not be surprised, there are also corrupt. Some of these steps are almost 40 years. If the repair is carried out on the steps that normally lead up, the direction of the latter steps is changed so that now they were driving up. This is due to safety regulations, which prescribe that in the event of evacuation of subway stairs at the top were always open.
• Why in the subway is often stuffy, hot and no air to breathe?
London Underground is the oldest subway in the world, the first line was opened in 1863 and most of the tunnels was planned at a time when the problem no one zaprzątał air head. Ventilation in the cars is practically the same as in the Polish trains, or natural, but the wind can give a train while breathing. But this is slowly changing, new trains on the lines of the Jubilee, Northern and Central in May has already assembled fans that turn on automatically, depending on temperature and humidity, and blow air into the car. Other subway lines still must wait for the ventilation system until you replace the cars on these lines. They thought and talked about the installation of air conditioners, but it turns out that it goes too expensive and secondly it would not be where such air-conditioners installed, due to the fact that the tunnels are too narrow and too low.
• Why can not London Underground runs 24 hours a day?
Because the motorman has to sleep well? No, this is not the right answer. This is due to technical matters. Namely, each line has only two tunnels to handle traffic in both directions. If that motion is not stopped, they could not carry out any maintenance or repairs. So do not be surprised to see the sleepy rat on the tracks, I just could not sleep at night because it was renovated. Some of the subway, just as in New York City have four tunnels so they can afford the 24-hour work.
Bakerloo Line, the first section of the line was opened in 1906. Annually, it uses about 100 million passengers. The most frequented is the Oxford Circus station, each year more than 38 million people use this station.
Central Line started in 1900, marked in red, is the so-called ‘two penny tube’. That was called in the past years due to the fact that tolls were charged a fixed fee of 2 pence.
Circle Line is the only line which, as its name suggests, runs in circles, and the color is marked in yellow. It is the oldest line of the London subway stations first started in 1863, and the circle was closed in 1868. Circle Line runs around the center of London, ideal for sightseeing. In it you’ll see the most tourists. Has 27 stations and runs over 22 miles.
Hammaersmith & City is the result of the extension in 1864, the first line, which is now a Circle Line. This is an old line and is not very frequented. Wagons recoiling on this line are the so-called Class C Large, spacious, not particularly elegant.
District line marked in green, was founded in 1868. In the current period is the most used line of the London Underground. Carries over 210 million passengers. Victoria is the busiest station, it uses each year over 42 million passengers.
East London (East London Line) is the oldest line, but the tunnel under the River Thames is 20 years older than the first subway line. Already in 1843, the tunnels in both directions have been drilled under the river and put into use a pedestrian. In 1868 they put on the track, and so was East London line. The line carries about 10 million passengers a year. The most used station is Canada Water, serves about 4.5 million passengers. The tunnel goes under the river at a depth of more than 18 meters.
The Jubilee Line is the newest line of London Underground, the first line of committed in 1979, all completed in 1999. Jubilee, compared to the rest, it is a pleasure to travel. Annually carries more than 140 million people, most besieged station is Bond Street which uses more than 20 million people a year. This line is also the only line that intersects with all other lines.
Metropolitan Line was founded in 1868, some stations on this line were not in use until 1961, and the wagons were reintroduced by popular cog, a steam engine. To this day, every year releases a festive line of the route the train with a steam engine. The last station is Amersham is located 43 km from central London, this is the most remote place to which you can take the subway. The length of this line over 66 miles, but only about 10 km is actually underground. Therefore, this line is sometimes the impression that the train is going, and not underground.
Northern Line was formed by the merger of the two lines, one from 1890 and the other called. deep lines of 1907. Northern Line transports annually more than 200 million passengers, Leicester Square is the most busy station and serves annually more than 30 million people. It is the deepest line of the London Underground, the lowest underground station is situated in Hampstead, is located at a depth of 58.5 meters. It is 58km long, and has 50 stations. Angel station is installed on the longest escalator in Western Europe. Stairs are 60 feet long and require 80 seconds to transport the passenger from the bottom up.
Picadilly Line – The history associated with this line is a little different from the rest. Its formation is attributed to one man, an American named Charles Tyson Yerkes. He began preparing to set up the line in 1901 but unfortunately did not lead to the end of his plan, because he died in 1905. Only a year later in 1906 was given the first episode of the Piccadilly Line. This line serves to Heathrow International Airport. Her carts are designed with a view to travel with suitcases and have a cavity located near the door. Annually, this line uses about 200 million passengers. It is long at 71 km and 52 stations of which is included as many as 17 exhibits the best public architecture of the time.
Victoria Line is the first so-called “a deep line”. The first episode was dedicated in 1868. Carries an average of 175 million passengers a year, the station is the most bustling Victoria station. It runs through more than 60 million passengers a year. Counts 21 km long and has 16 stations. This line is equipped with an autopilot. At a time when the operator closes the door to the train goes on autopilot and goes automatically to the next station by which it receives signals along the route.
Waterloo & City Line is the second of a series of deep underground tunnel was opened in 1898. It was built for speed crossing of the River Thames to Waterloo rail and such a function satisfies virtually to this day. It is short, counts only 2.4 km and has only two stations: Bank and Waterloo. It is completely underground and is isolated from other subway lines due to the fact that until 1993 the company was not the London Underground, but for British Railways. Annually carries more than 14 million passengers.